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156 suspension bridges were found for search criteria: PTS2 . Bridges 1 through 100 (of 156 total) appear below. Wherever you see a "Bridgemeister ID" number you can click it to isolate the bridge on its own page. If you don't see what you were looking for, try an image search with the same criteria: PTS2. This will find the bridge if it is pictured on the site, but is not a catenary suspension bridge.
1741 Winch (Wynch)
Middleton-in-Teesdale, England, United Kingdom (River Tees - Low Force)
Bridgemeister ID:372
Structurae ID:0008266
References:AAJ, BEM, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Use:Footbridge
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:70f
Notes
  • Varying histories of this catwalk-style bridge exist. One I read recently says it was built 1704, a cable snapped in 1802 killing three people, and it was then rebuilt in 1830 (the present bridge). Others attribute the bridge to 1741 and have the 1802 incident killing "one or two people".
  • Replaced by 1830 Wynch - Middleton-in-Teesdale, England, United Kingdom.
1784 Chain
Weilburg, Germany (Lahn River)
Bridgemeister ID:582
References:PTS2
Use:Pipeline
Status:Replaced, 1888
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main span:35m
Notes
  • Carried a water pipeline with eight iron chains.
1801 (chain bridge)
Iron Bridge, Pennsylvania, USA (Jacob's Creek)
Bridgemeister ID:3
Structurae ID:0000873
O'Donnell ID:0
References:AAJ, ASB, BBR, BOB, BPL, CAB, DSE20000116, HBE, LAB, PTS2
Principals:Judge James Finley
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:70f
Deck width:12.5f
Notes
  • In an email dated January 16, 2000, Don Sayenga provided information about the location of this bridge. Generally attributed to Uniontown (the seat of Fayette County, PA), Mr. Sayenga offers some clues about the bridge's true location. "[James Finley] stated that he built it near the home of his friend Meason which implies a connection for the iron as Meason was making iron. Meason's home has survived by the way, a beautiful place. Finley stated it was a combination contract with the cost split between two counties, and he stated it was built over Jacob's Creek which is the county boundary. He also makes it clear it was on the road to Greensburg. The only place the old road crossed Jacob's Creek is just south of Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania. On the geodetic survey maps this spot is marked "Iron Bridge" but there is no town there. The last time I was there I saw a sign that said "Iron Bridge" on an automobile scrap yard. I found absolutely no trace of the bridge, but it was not very big, so there was no need for a huge abutment."
  • First suspension bridge with a rigid level deck.
1807 Chain
Georgetown, District of Columbia and Virginia, USA (Potomac River)
Bridgemeister ID:4
Structurae ID:0008052
Coordinates:N 38.92959 W 77.11627
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BCW, CAB, DSE20000118, HBE, PTS2
Principals:John Templeman
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, 1812
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:128.5f
Notes
  • BCW gives completion date of 1810 and says bridge was destroyed by flood two years later.
  • Coordinates given are for the current crossing (VA SR123, still known locally as "Chain Bridge Road") which is on (or very close) to the alignment of Chain Bridge. Chain Bridge was the third bridge at this site. The current structure is the eighth and was completed in 1940.
1809 Schuylkill Falls
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (Schuylkill River)
Bridgemeister ID:9
Structurae ID:0008053
References:AAJ, BBR, BPL, CAB, DSE20000118, HBE, PTS2
Principals:John Templeman
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 153f
Deck width:18f
Notes
  • Failed 1811, 1816. HBE notes the 1811 was due to weight of cattle. The 1816 failure was due to weight of ice and snow.
1810 Chain (Essex-Merrimack)
Newburyport, Massachusetts, USA (Merrimack River - Deer Island)
Bridgemeister ID:14
Structurae ID:0001418
Coordinates:N 42.833167 W 70.90645
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, CAB, GBD, HBE, POPE, PTS2, RDH
Principals:John Templeman
Use:Vehicular (two-lane light)
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:243f
Deck width:30f (2 roadways of 15f)
Notes
  • John Templeman built several bridges (like this one) using James Finley's design.
  • Repaired in 1827 after 5 of 10 chains snapped under weight of a team of oxen.
  • The complete description from Thomas Pope's 1811 Treatise (POPE):
    "The chain Bridge lately thrown over the Merrimack, three miles above Newburyport, in the state of Massachusetts, is now in constant use. This Bridge consists of a single arc, two hundred and forty-four feet span. The abutments are of stone, forty-seven feet long, and thirty-seven high; the uprights, or framed work, which stand on the abutments, are thirty-five feet high, over which are suspended ten distinct chains, the ends of which on both sides of the river are buried deep in pits and secured by large stones: each chain is five hundred and sixteen feet long; and, where they pass over the uprights, they are treble, and made in short links, which is said to be more secure than saddles made of plates of iron. The four middle joists rest on the chains; all the rest are suspended to the main chains to equalize the floor. This Bridge has two passage-ways of fifteen feet in width each, and the floor is so solid as to admit of horses, carriages, etc. to travel at any speed, with very little perceptible motion of the floors. The railing is stout and strong, which adds much firmness to the floor. There are three chains in each range on each side, and four in the middle range: they are calculated to support nearly five hundred tons. From the surface of the water to the middle of the floor is forty feet; and from the top of the abutments to the top of the uprights is thirty-five feet high, making seventy-two feet. The magnitude and power of the abutments, the width and length of the floors, the elevation of the work, the evident powers of the chains, etc. all conspire to make it a wonderful work. Every expense attending it did not amount to twenty-five thousand dollars. The abutment being of stone, the uprights covered, and the chains painted to prevent rust, leaves nothing but the flooring to decay. This Bridge was constructed by John Templeman, Esq. of the district of Columbia, whose talents for the productions of such work, and the various improvements suggested and used by him, have been highly beneficial, and do him great credit."
  • Gregory W. Buff sent a transcription of an article describing the 1827 failure. The article was in the Saturday, February 24, 1827 issue (Volume IV, Number 31) of the Canadian Spectator (Montreal, Quebec) newspaper:
    "Newburyport, Feb 9. Disastrious [sic] Accident. - On Tuesday morning last, the Essex Merrimack Bridge gave way in the centre, from the parting of the chains that support it. On the Bridge, at the moment, was a loaded team, drawn by six oxen and two horses, driven by two men, Messrs. Garlton [sic] and Jackman, all of whom were precipitated, forty feet, into the river beneath. The teamsters preserved themselves by means of swimming, and the support of fragments of the bridge; the team were all of them except one of the horses, swept beneath the ice a few rods below, and drowned. Five of the ten chains which supported the Bridge, were snapped in different places, and now remain upholding the broken and shattered timber altogether as sad a wreck as we ever witnessed. At the moment of the crash, the light evolved from the friction of the chains resembled the the vivid streaming of a meteor. Various excuses are assigned for the accident, and none, with more probability, than the united effect of the incumbent pressure of the immense body of snow lying upon the bridge, and the frost which had contracted the particles of iron. These produced a tenseness in the chains, which was incapable of resisting the additional pressure of the loaded team, and the whole gave way. The estimated expense of repairing the breach is about 4000 dollars; and the Directors, as we understand, plan to set about it immediately. It will be built up as before. To those who have been losers by this accident the corporation intend to make generous inumeration. The traveling will be uninterrupted, as the solidity of the ice above the bridge forms a safe passage way - and for the conveyance of carriages and heavy baggage the proprietors have promptly provided suitable boats. If any aversion to chain bridges has been produced by this accident, we should be sorry, for ourselves we feel yet unshaken faith in their superior security. The misfortune in this case was no doubt owing to the causes above stated, and not to any defect in the construction of the bridge. Probably hundreds of individuals, including each sex and all ages, have visited the ruins of the bridge. They present a sad and melancholy appearance - crushed and broken timbers suspended by the massy chains, which hang lazily from the pyramidical abutments, while the beholder instinctly shrinks back in terror at the reflection of the situation of the two human beings who were precipitated into the abyss beneath. The preservation of these two men is almost miraculous. Although hurled down 40 feet amid crashing and falling timber, entangled with their cattle, they fell without receiving the least injury, and attained the shore, after being for nearly half an hour, immerse in water chilled to the freezing point. Mr. Jackman is far advanced in years - and suffered somewhat from the exposure to the cold. Mr. Carlton [sic], escaped unhurt. The Chain Bridge has been built for about fifteen years, the span is 220 feet. We believe this was the second or third Chain Bridge built in the United States; and this is probably the first that has met with a similar accident. We understand the proprieters of the Rooks Bridge intend to rebuild theirs as a Chain Bridge."
  • Replaced by 1909 Chain - Newburyport, Massachusetts, USA. The 1909 structure was almost entirely new (except for portions of the piers and abutments).
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg Glass slide, collection of David Denenberg
1814 Hamilton Street
Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA (Lehigh River)
Bridgemeister ID:19
References:AAJ, CAB, DSE20000203, PTS2
Principals:Jacob Blumer
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:2
Side spans:2
1816 Galashiels
Galashiels, Scotland, United Kingdom (Gala Water)
Bridgemeister ID:584
References:AAJ, BSI, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Richard Lees
Use:Footbridge
Status:Destroyed, 1839
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:111f
Deck width:3f
Notes
  • BSI: Originally erected in the form of a traditional suspension bridge, but soon reinforced with wire stays from much larger towers to reduce unwanted motion. Destroyed by flood, 1839.
1816 Spider
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (Schuylkill River)
Bridgemeister ID:20
References:AAJ, BOB, BPL, GHD, HBE, LAB, PTS2
Principals:Josiah White, Erskine Hazard
Use:Footbridge
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Main span:393.75f
Notes
  • Narrow footbridge. First wire bridge in North America. HBE notes "first wire suspension bridge in any country."
  • Often described as having collapsed under the weight of ice and snow, Don Sayenga notes that no contemporary sources confirm this demise. Since the nearby chain bridge did fail under weight of ice and snow, he believes this fate has been misattributed to the White and Hazard footbridge. Don believes the bridge was just dismantled at some point after June, 1816.
  • Al Zagofsky also wrote to explain there was no evidence of this bridge collapsing under weight of ice and snow. Al writes: "According to an original source Captain Joshua Rowley Watson, who inspected the bridge on June 15, 1816: '...There was a bridge, but which by the weight of ice and snow, has been carried away.' This refers to the previous bridge that the cable bridge was temporarily replacing. I did not see any cause for failure of the wire rope bridge. My guess is that it was removed when the regular bridge was repaired. The same article shows a sketch that he made, showing the main span to be 407 feet. I am looking at the Canal History and Technology Proceedings Vol 5, March 22, 1986."
1820 Union
Horncliffe, Berwick-upon-Tweed vicinity, England and Fishwick, Scotland, United Kingdom (River Tweed)
Bridgemeister ID:373
Structurae ID:0000162
Coordinates:N 55.75256 W 2.10677
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BC3, BEM, BOB, HBE, MOS, NTB, PTS2, SBR
Principals:Sir Samuel Brown
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, 2009)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:449f
Deck width:18f
Notes
Newspaper article, collection of David Denenberg Photo by Dave Cooper
1823 Saint Antoine
Geneva, Switzerland
Bridgemeister ID:377
Structurae ID:0000895
References:AAJ, GHD, HBE, LAB, MOS, PTS2
Principals:Guillame Henri Dufour, Marc Seguin, Marc-Auguste Pictet
Status:Removed, c.1864
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 40m
Deck width:7.5f
1824 Kettensteg (Chain)
Nuremburg, Bavaria, Germany (Pegnitz River)
Bridgemeister ID:1111
Structurae ID:0000255
Coordinates:N 49.45468 E 11.07076
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:PTS2
Principals:Konrad Georg Kuppler
Use:Footbridge
Status:In use (last checked, 2006)
Main cables:Eyebar (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:27.9m, 29.6m
Notes
  • Now aided by intermediate piers. Eckhard Bernstorff notes: "Oldest suspension bridge in Germany, but since 1930 supported by two intermediate piers at each span."
Photo by Eckhard Bernstorff
1825 Tain-Tournon
Tournon-sur-Rhône and Tain, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:378
Structurae ID:0000156
References:AAJ, ASB, BBR, BPF, GHD, LAB, MOS, PTS2, TTSB
Principals:Marc Seguin
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed, 1965
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 278.88f
Deck width:13.75f
Notes
1826 Conwy (Conway)
Conwy, Wales, United Kingdom (River Conwy)
Bridgemeister ID:380
Structurae ID:0000447
Coordinates:N 53.280476 W 3.823742
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BC3, BCO, BEM, HBE, MOS, NTB, PTS2
Principals:Thomas Telford
Use:Vehicular
Status:In use, but restricted to foot traffic (last checked, 2013)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:327f
Notes
Photograph, collection of David Denenberg Photo by Dave Cooper
1826 Egyptian
St. Petersburg, Russia (Fontanka River)
Bridgemeister ID:622
References:PTS2
Status:Collapsed, 1905
Main cables:Chain (iron)
1826 Invalides
Paris, France (Seine River)
Bridgemeister ID:623
Structurae ID:0000226
References:AAJ, MOS, PTS2
Principals:Claude Navier
Use:Vehicular
Status:Demolished, 1826
Main span:557.5f
Notes
  • Failed when almost complete in 1826. MOS: "On the 6th of September, a water-pipe, which was laid in the ground on the side of the Champs Elysées, and came near the abutments on that side of the river, burst, and, softening the ground about the abutment, it gave way under the strain produced by the weight of the bridge."
  • Replaced by 1829 Invalides (l'Allee-d'Antin) - Paris, France.
1826 Menai Strait
Menai Bridge and Bangor vicinity, Wales, United Kingdom (Menai Strait)
Bridgemeister ID:382
Structurae ID:0000091
Coordinates:N 53.221367 W 4.1646
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BC3, BCO, BDU, BEM, BOU, HBE, MOS, NTB, PTS2
Principals:Thomas Telford
Use:Vehicular (two-lane, with walkway)
Status:In use (last checked, 2013)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:579f
Notes
Photo by David Denenberg Photo by Irene Crest Photo by Michael Levy Photo by Dave Cooper
1827 (chain bridge)
Newburyport, Massachusetts, USA (Merrimack River)
Bridgemeister ID:23
Structurae ID:0008067
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Thomas Haven
Status:Replaced, 1840
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:5
Main spans:3
Side spans:2
Notes
  • Multi-span structure distinct from Templeman's 1810 Chain Bridge. Sometimes misidentified as an 1827 replacement to the 1810 Templeman Chain Bridge because of the significant damage to the Templeman bridge in 1827.
Print, collection of David Denenberg
1827 Hammersmith
London, England, United Kingdom (River Thames)
Bridgemeister ID:386
Structurae ID:0008011
References:AAJ, BEM, BTH, HBE, MOS, NTB, ONF, PTS2
Principals:William Tierney Clark
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Chain
Suspended spans:3
Main span:400f
Side spans:2 x 147f

Notes
Print, collection of David Denenberg.
1827 L'île Barbe
Lyon vicinity, France (Saône River)
Bridgemeister ID:1535
Structurae ID:0008335
Coordinates:N 45.796883 E 4.83055
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, PQL, PTS2
Principals:Favier
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, 2005)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 334.66f
Notes
Photo by David Denenberg
1828 Arcole (de la Grève)
Paris, France (Seine River)
Bridgemeister ID:625
Structurae ID:0000214
References:AAJ, MOS, PTS2
Principals:Seguin Brothers
Status:Replaced, 1854
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 133.86f
Deck width:11.48f
1829 Argentat
Argentat, France (Dordogne River)
Bridgemeister ID:627
References:AAJ, MOS, PTS2
Principals:L. T. Vicat
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1903
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:328f
1829 Bamberg
Bamberg, Germany (Regnitz River)
Bridgemeister ID:632
References:AAJ, PTS2
Status:Replaced, c. 1880-1890's
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main span:64.26m
1829 Beaucaire
Beaucaire and Tarascon, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:626
Structurae ID:0012664
References:AAJ, ASB, GHD, PTS2
Principals:Jules Seguin, Joseph Chaley
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:2 x 393.72f
Side spans:2 x 307.1f
Notes
  • Flooring failed, 1887.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1829 Invalides (l'Allee-d'Antin)
Paris, France (Seine River)
Bridgemeister ID:633
Structurae ID:0000897
References:AAJ, MOS, PTS2
Principals:Marie Fortuné de Vergès, Ferdinand Bayard de la Vingtrie
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1855
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main span:236.5f
Deck width:25.6f

Notes
1829 Montrose
Montrose, Scotland, United Kingdom (South Esk River)
Bridgemeister ID:388
References:AAJ, BEM, BOB, HBE, PTS2, SBR
Principals:Sir Samuel Brown
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1931
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Notes
  • SBR: March 19, 1830, with a "crowd of people, estimated at 700, ... watching a boat race," a chain broke "plunging most of the people into the river." Repaired. Wrecked by storm 1838. Repaired.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Print, collection of David Denenberg
1830 Valence aux Granges
Valence, Drôme, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:631
Structurae ID:0009700
References:ASB, PTS2
Principals:Marc Seguin
Use:Vehicular
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 110m
Deck width:7m
Notes
  • Two side spans meeting at a single midstream tower.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1831 Bry-sur-Marne
Bry-sur-Marne, France (Marne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1668
References:AAJ, PTS2
Principals:Jules Seguin
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, c.1870
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:249.43f
1831 Langon
Langon, Aquitaine, France (Garonne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1732
References:PTS2
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Photo, collection of David Denenberg
1834 Louis-Philippe (de la Reforme)
Paris, France (Seine River - St. Louis Island)
Bridgemeister ID:983
Structurae ID:0000203
References:AAJ, PTS2
Principals:Marc Seguin
Use:Vehicular (one-lane, with walkway)
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2
Deck width:14.44f
Notes
  • Badly damaged by fire 1848. Replaced 1860 (or soon after).
1838 Löwenbrücke (Lion's Bridge)
Berlin, Germany (Tiergarten)
Bridgemeister ID:858
Structurae ID:0020906
Coordinates:N 52.512383 E 13.345667
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:PTS2
Principals:Ludwig Ferdinand Hesse
Use:Footbridge
Status:Closed (last checked, 2013)
Main cables:Chain
Suspended spans:1
Main span:17.3m
Deck width:2m
Notes
  • Now supported by wire cable.
  • When I visited this bridge in July 2013 it was closed and the deck had been removed.
Photo by Eckhard Bernstorff Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Photo by David Denenberg
1839 Basse-Chaîne (Angers)
Angers, France (Maine River)
Bridgemeister ID:993
Structurae ID:0004743
References:AAJ, GHD, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Joseph Chaley
Status:Collapsed, 1850
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:334.66f
Deck width:23.62f
Notes
  • Collapsed under weight of maching troops, April 16, 1850, killing more than 200 soldiers. Collapse precipitated French virtual moratorium on suspension bridge building bringing to a close the prolific era of French wire cable suspension bridges.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1839 Caille (Charles-Albert)
Allonzier-La-Caille vicinity, France (Usses Torrent)
Bridgemeister ID:859
Structurae ID:0002116
Coordinates:N 46.0126 E 6.111633
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BPF, PTS2
Principals:E. Belin
Use:Vehicular
Status:In use, but restricted to foot traffic (last checked, 2005)
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:192m
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Photo by David Denenberg
1839 Hameln
Hameln, Niedersachsen, Germany (Weser River)
Bridgemeister ID:2298
References:AAJ, PTS2
Principals:Georg Theodor Wendelstadt
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main spans:2
Notes
  • AAJ writes: "the first use of triangular bracing between double chain cables" and mentions that it was dismantled and moved to Hessisch Oldendorf 1880-1890 or 1899.
1839 Roche-Bernard
La Roche-Bernard, Morbihan, France (Vilaine River)
Bridgemeister ID:1027
Structurae ID:0004742
References:AAJ, HBE, PTS2
Principals:P. Leblanc
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1911
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:198m
Notes
  • Wrecked by wind 1852, rebuilt, damaged 1866, 1869, 1870, and 1871. After the 1871 repairs, it was restricted to foot traffic. It was replaced 1911 by an arch. Approaches extant (next to the later suspension bridge), 2004.
  • Next to 1960 Roche-Bernard - La Roche-Bernard, Morbihan, France.
1839 Saint André-de-Cubzac (Cubzac)
Saint André-de-Cubzac, France (Dordogne River)
Bridgemeister ID:550
Structurae ID:0000898
References:AAJ, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Marie Fortuné de Vergès, Emil Martin
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, 1869
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:5
Main spans:5 x 109m
Deck width:23f
Notes
  • This is perhaps one of the most fanciful large suspension bridges ever built.
  • Destroyed in a storm, 1869. Its replacement (a truss bridge) was completed in 1883. The approaches and the bottom halves of the suspension bridge towers were strengthened and used for the replacement. Compare the photos of the replacement Structurae to the images of the suspension bridge below.
  • AAJ citing Engineering News-Record: "Vergès used inclined tie cables running from the top of the tower at one end of a span to a roadway-level connection on the opposite tower."
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg Print, collection of David Denenberg Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1840 Gotteron
Fribourg, Switzerland (Sarine River)
Bridgemeister ID:398
Structurae ID:0006448
References:AAJ, GHD, PTS2
Principals:Joseph Chaley
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:220m
Notes
Postcard, courtesy of Eric Sakowski
1840 Lézardrieux
Lézardrieux, France (Trieux River)
Bridgemeister ID:1116
Structurae ID:0000883
References:AAJ, PTS2
Principals:Seguin Brothers
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Replaced, 1925
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:150m
Notes
  • Replaced by a 1925 cable-stayed bridge.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1841 Verdun-sur-Garonne
Verdun-sur-Garonne, France (Garonne River)
Bridgemeister ID:2158
References:AAJ, PTS2
Use:Vehicular
Suspended spans:1
Main span:151m

Notes
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1842 Fairmount (Callowhill St.)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (Schuylkill River)
Bridgemeister ID:24
References:BBR, BOB, BPL, HBE, LAB, PTS2, WHSB
Principals:Charles Ellet
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1875
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:342f
Notes
  • BBR and BOB say 1841.
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1842 Tonnay-Charente
Tonnay-Charente, France (Charente River)
Bridgemeister ID:942
Structurae ID:0000899
Coordinates:N 45.940166 W 0.886
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:BPF, PTS2
Use:Vehicular
Status:In use, but restricted to foot traffic
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:90m
Side spans:2
Notes
  • Deck failed, August 21, 1883, during a load test. Rebuilt, 1885. At some point, the upper portions of the towers (above the road deck) were replaced.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1844 Mülheimer
Mülheim an der Ruhr, North-Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (Ruhr River)
Bridgemeister ID:2297
Structurae ID:0008871
References:AAJ, PTS2
Principals:Malberg
Status:Demolished, 1909
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:94.14m
Side spans:2 x 28.25m
1845 Hungerford
London, England, United Kingdom (River Thames)
Bridgemeister ID:400
Structurae ID:0002315
References:BBR, BEM, BTH, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Isambard K. Brunel
Use:Footbridge
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:676f
Side spans:2 x 329f
Notes
  • BEM mentions three different years of completion: 1826, 1862, and 1843, all of which are likely incorrect. The bridge was out of service by 1864 as the chain cables were reused for the Clifton Bridge at Bristol, England.
  • See 1864 Clifton - Bristol, England, United Kingdom.
1845 Ketten (Chain)
Mannheim, Germany (Neckar River)
Bridgemeister ID:1112
Structurae ID:0010180
References:PTS2
Use:Vehicular
Status:Demolished, 1889
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:282f
Side spans:2
1845 Pittsburgh Aqueduct
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (Allegheny River)
Bridgemeister ID:27
Structurae ID:0006118
References:BOB, BOP, BPL, HBE, ONF, PTS2, RDH, SJR
Principals:John A. Roebling
Use:Aqueduct
Status:Removed, 1861
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:7
Main spans:7 x 162f
Notes
  • In use until 1860.
1846 Monongahela (Smithfield Street)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (Monongahela River)
Bridgemeister ID:28
Structurae ID:0007338
References:BOB, BOP, BPL, HBE, ONF, PBR, PTS2
Principals:John A. Roebling
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed, 1882
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:8
Main spans:8 x 188f
Deck width:20f
1848 Niagara Suspension
Niagara Falls, New York, USA and Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada (Niagara River)
Bridgemeister ID:29
References:BOB, BPL, HBE, ONF, PTS2
Principals:Charles Ellet
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:770f
Deck width:7.5f

Notes
1849 Galliéni (Napoleon)
Lyon, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:1164
References:PQL, PTS2
Principals:Seguin Brothers
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:60m
Side spans:39m, 67m
Deck width:7.4m
Notes
  • Replaced by an arch bridge in the early 20th century. Built as part of the same project as the Kitchener-Marchand bridge; they were on the same alignment, with one crossing the Saône and the other the Rhône. Both were originally known as the Napoleon bridges.
  • Companion to 1849 Kitchener-Marchand (Napoleon, Kitchener, Midi) - Lyon, France.
1849 Wheeling (Wheeling and Belmont)
Wheeling, West Virginia, USA (Ohio River)
Bridgemeister ID:32
Structurae ID:0000478
O'Donnell ID:382
Coordinates:N 40.07167 W 80.72667
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BC3, BOB, BPL, CEJ, COB, GBD, HBE, LAB, LACE, ONF, PTS2, RWS, WCC, WHSB
Principals:Charles Ellet
Use:Vehicular (two-lane light)
Status:In use (last checked, 2011)
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:1,010f
Notes
  • Rebuilt, 1854 after it was wrecked by a windstorm. Contrary to popular myth, the rebuilding was undertaken by Ellet and his assistant William K. McComas, not by John A. Roebling.
  • Overhauled, 1860. Again, popular myth often attributes this work to the Roeblings. WHSB attributes this work to William K. McComas. After this overhaul, the bridge still does not have the distinctive diagonal cable stays that give it the appearance of a Roebling bridge.
  • Overhauled, 1872, according to a design by Washington Roebling. John A. Roebling had died in 1869 and was not involved with this work. WHSB notes, "The design essentially Roeblingized the bridge with the diagonal cable stays that are such a prominent feature of the bridge."
  • Was still part of Virginia at time of completion.
  • Became longest suspension bridge by eclipsing 1834 Zaehringen - Fribourg, Switzerland.
  • Eclipsed by new longest suspension bridge 1851 Lewiston-Queenston - Lewiston, New York, USA and Queenston, Ontario, Canada.
Photo by David Denenberg Photo by Wayne Grodkiewicz Photo by Stuart Brorson Photo by Scott Bumgardner Photo by Patrick S. O'Donnell Photo by David Denenberg Collection of Doug Lehman
1851 Lewiston-Queenston
Lewiston, New York, USA and Queenston, Ontario, Canada (Niagara River)
Bridgemeister ID:35
Structurae ID:0007333
References:AAJ, BOB, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Edward Serrell
Use:Vehicular
Status:Wrecked, 1864
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:1,043f
Deck width:21f (AAJ: 19.5f)
Notes
  • Wrecked by wind February 1, 1864. Stay cables beneath the bridge had been disconnected to avoid damage from rising ice. Portions of the cables and deck remained, in a derelict state, as late as 1895. Replacement was not started until the late 1890's.
  • The February 3, 1864 edition of Niagara Falls Gazette describes the wind event: "Partial Destruction Of The Lewiston Suspension Bridge -- A portion of the flooring and other wood-work of the Lewiston Suspension Bridge was blown down during the gale Monday forenoon. It seems that the long guys had been cut during the late ice jam to prevent injury to the structure and thus its strength to withstand a gale was much weakened. The wind swept through the gorge on Monday with terrific force and swayed the bridge so that some of the cross timbers, near the centre were loosened from their fastenings, and fell, of course carrying the floor with them. A large portion at each end, remains without material injury. The extent of the damage -- financially -- we have not yet learned, but we judge from what we hear that it may be about $10,000. The bridge was built in 1852 and cost not far from $40,000. It will doubtless soon be repaired and in use."
  • Became longest suspension bridge by eclipsing 1849 Wheeling (Wheeling and Belmont) - Wheeling, West Virginia, USA. However, Don Sayenga notes the length of the suspended span of this bridge was only 849 feet, not 1,043 as often cited. Don writes: "[1,043 feet] was the distance between the towers built high up on the cliffs above the crossing - because there was no space for them below. The roadway suspended from the towers was only 849 feet span over the water from abutment to abutment." Thus, Roebling's Cincinnati bridge should be considered the first to eclipse Wheeling's record main span.
  • Eclipsed by new longest suspension bridge 1867 John A. Roebling (Cincinnati, Cincinnati and Covington) - Cincinnati, Ohio and Covington, Kentucky, USA.
  • Later at same location 1899 Lewiston-Queenston - Lewiston, New York, USA and Queenston, Ontario, Canada.
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1852 Charleston (Lovell Street)
Charleston, West Virginia, USA (Elk River)
Bridgemeister ID:38
References:AAJ, EOV, HBE, PTS2
Principals:W. O. Buchanan, William Kuhn, Abraham Wright
Use:Vehicular
Status:Collapsed, December 15, 1904
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:478f
Deck width:17f
Notes
  • Was still part of Virginia at time of completion.
  • Damaged during Civil War. An article in the August 2, 1861 issue of the New York Times mentions: "A junction of our forces having now been effected, the army at once moved on to Elk River, which debouches into the Kanawha at Charleston, where the army encamped for the night. We would have crossed the stream at once, and marched through the town the same evening, but for the fact that the rebels had partially destroyed the beautiful suspension bridge which spans Elk River at this spot, rendering it unsafe for passage. Not content with burning a portion of the flooring, they nearly severed the strands which support the structure, and aid their work, too, in the most bungling manner. A more shameless piece of vandalism I never witnessed. While the army slept, a company of sappers and miners repaired the damage, and yesterday the army, nearly five thousand strong, marched through the streets of Charleston."
  • Next to 1884 (suspension bridge) - Charleston, West Virginia, USA.
Print, collection of David Denenberg
1852 Fairmont and Palatine
Fairmont, West Virginia, USA (Monongahela River)
Bridgemeister ID:39
References:EOV, PTS2
Principals:James L. Randolph
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Notes
  • Was still part of Virginia at time of completion.
1852 Guyandotte
Guyandotte and Huntington, West Virginia, USA (Guyandotte River)
Bridgemeister ID:40
References:AAJ, EOV, PTS2
Principals:George Wilson Mason
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:450f
Notes
  • EOV cites a source claiming the bridge was begun in 1853, but not completed until 1858. AAJ says completed in 1848
  • Was still part of Virginia at time of completion.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1852 Saint-Pierre
Toulouse, France (Garonne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1169
Structurae ID:0016121
References:PTS2
Use:Vehicular
Status:Demolished, 1927
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:2
Side spans:2
Notes
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Glass side, collection of David Denenberg
1852 St. John
St. John, New Brunswick, Canada (St. John River)
Bridgemeister ID:37
Structurae ID:0009683
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Edward Serrell
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Removed, 1915
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:640f
Notes
  • Rebuilt 1857.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1853 Fort Hunter (Fonda)
Tribes Hill, New York, USA (Mohawk River)
Bridgemeister ID:44
References:ONC, PTS2
Principals:John W. Murphy
Status:Dismantled, 1935
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Main span:556f
Notes
  • Amsterdam/Fort Hunter vicinity, Montgomery County, NY. Dismantled 1935 (ONC).
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1853 Tsar Nicholas I
Kiev, Ukraine (Dnepr River)
Bridgemeister ID:409
Structurae ID:0005655
References:AAJ, HBE, IEA, PTS2
Principals:Charles Blacker Vignoles
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, c. 1920.
Main cables:Chain (iron, flat link)
Suspended spans:6
Main spans:4 x 440f
Side spans:2 x 225f
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1854 Morgantown
Morgantown, West Virginia, USA (Monongahela River)
Bridgemeister ID:49
References:AAJ, EN19070918, EOV, HBE, PTS2
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:608f
Deck width:20f
Notes
  • Was still part of Virginia at time of completion.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1855 Minneapolis (St. Anthony's Falls)
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA (Mississippi River - Nicollet Island)
Bridgemeister ID:50
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Thomas M. Griffith
Use:Vehicular
Status:Demolished, 1876
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:620f
Deck width:17f

Notes
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1855 Niagara Suspension
Niagara Falls, New York, USA and Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada (Niagara River)
Bridgemeister ID:51
Structurae ID:0000047
References:AAJ, BAAW, BBR, BFL, BMA, BOB, BPL, HBE, LIR, NSB, ONF, PTS2, SA18810716, SJR
Principals:John A. Roebling
Use:Rail and Vehicular (double-deck, heavy rail, with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1897
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:821.3f
Notes
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1857 Altenbergsteg
Berne, Switzerland (Aare River)
Bridgemeister ID:1475
Coordinates:N 46.9503 E 7.4489
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:PTS2
Use:Footbridge
Status:In use (last checked, 2004)
Main cables:Eyebar
1858 Chelsea (Victoria)
London, England, United Kingdom (River Thames - Battersea Park)
Bridgemeister ID:410
Structurae ID:0002316
References:BTH, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Thomas Page
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Eyebar (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:348f
Side spans:183f, 383f

Notes
1860 Allegheny River (Sixth Street)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (Allegheny River)
Bridgemeister ID:59
Structurae ID:0007343
References:BOB, BOP, BPL, HBE, PBR, PTS2, SJR
Principals:John A. Roebling
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1892
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:2 x 344f
Side spans:2 x 171f
Deck width:40f
Notes
  • BPL cites this bridge as the first suspension bridge with metal towers. However, at least two earlier suspension bridges (1857 Watertown, New York and 1856 Bidwell Bar, California) are known to have metal towers and even Roebling's 1846 Smithfield Street Bridge in Pittsburgh had cast iron towers.
  • Next to 1884 North Side (Seventh Street) - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1860 Auburn-Coloma
Auburn and Coloma, California, USA (North Fork American River)
Bridgemeister ID:274
References:PTS2
Principals:John Mollett
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Notes
Postcard, courtesy of Kevin Walsh
1860 Port Gibson
Grindstone Ford, Port Gibson vicinity, Mississippi, USA (Bayou Pierre)
Bridgemeister ID:1659
References:PTS2
Status:Removed, circa 1920's
Notes
  • Partially burned by retreating Confederate troops May 2nd, 1863 during the Vicksburg Campaign of the Civil War. Union troops extinquished the fire and quickly repaired the bridge.
  • Demolished, circa 1920's. Descriptions for the Vicksburg Campaign imply there may have been another suspension bridge in the Port Gibson area.
1862 Lambeth
London, England, United Kingdom (River Thames)
Bridgemeister ID:829
Structurae ID:0003156
References:BRB, HBE, ONF, PTS2
Principals:P. W. Barlow
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced
Suspended spans:3
Main span:280f
1864 (suspension bridge)
Porta Westfalica, Germany (Weser River)
Bridgemeister ID:637
References:BRU, PTS2
Use:Rail and Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, April 3, 1945
Main cables:Eyebar (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Notes
  • At the time of completion, the bridge connected the villages of Barkhausen and Hausberge, later merged into Porta Westfalica.
1864 Clifton
Bristol, England, United Kingdom (Avon River)
Bridgemeister ID:413
Structurae ID:0000018
Coordinates:N 51.45496 W 2.62781
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AOB, BBR, BC3, BEM, BMA, BOU, BRB, CTW, HBE, NTB, ONF, PTS2
Principals:Isambard K. Brunel, P.W. Barlow, Hawkshaw
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:In use (last checked, 2007)
Main cables:Eyebar (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:702f
Notes
Photo by David Denenberg Photo by Bill Campbell Photo by Cath Brown
1867 John A. Roebling (Cincinnati, Cincinnati and Covington)
Cincinnati, Ohio and Covington, Kentucky, USA (Ohio River)
Bridgemeister ID:65
Structurae ID:0000513
O'Donnell ID:1000
Coordinates:N 39.09167 W 84.50833
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:BAAW, BC3, BOB, BPL, COB, EOV, HBE, LAB, LACE, ONF, PTS2, SJR, TOB
Principals:John A. Roebling
Use:Vehicular (two-lane heavy, with walkway)
Status:In use (last checked, 2013)
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:1,057f
Side spans:2
Notes
Photo by David Denenberg Photo by Wayne Grodkiewicz Photo by Patrick S. O'Donnell Photo by David Denenberg Photo by David Denenberg
1869 Clifton (Niagara-Clifton, Falls View, First Falls View)
Niagara Falls, New York, USA and Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada (Niagara River)
Bridgemeister ID:70
Structurae ID:0000528
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Samuel Keefer
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1889
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Main span:1,268.3f
Deck width:10f
Notes
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1869 Lordville
Lordville, New York and Equinunk, Pennsylvania, USA (Delaware River)
Bridgemeister ID:71
References:BDR, BOL, PTS2
Principals:E.F. Farrington
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Destroyed, 1903
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Notes
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1869 Waco
Waco, Texas, USA (Brazos River)
Bridgemeister ID:72
Structurae ID:0001398
O'Donnell ID:928
References:AAJ, BC3, BPL, BRAZ, GBD, HAERTX98, HBE, PTS2, WSB
Principals:Thomas M. Griffith
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:In use, but restricted to foot traffic (last checked, 2014)
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:475f
Deck width:18f
Notes
  • Rebuilt 1915.
Photo by Carla Pendergraft
1871 Warren (Hickory Street)
Warren, Pennsylvania, USA (Allegheny River)
Bridgemeister ID:75
References:AAJ, EOV, HAERPA461, HBE, PTS2
Principals:George W. Fishler
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1918
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:470f
Deck width:29f
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1872 Lower (White)
Turners Falls, Massachusetts, USA (Connecticut River)
Bridgemeister ID:340
References:CCR, PTS2
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed, circa 1936
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:1
Notes
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1876 Petroleum Street (Oil City)
Oil City, Pennsylvania, USA (Allegheny River)
Bridgemeister ID:83
References:AAJ, HAERPA461, HBE, PTS2, TRS
Principals:Charles Roebling
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:3
Main span:500f
Notes
  • AAJ: Rebuilt, 1884, 1905.
1876 Point
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (Monongahela River)
Bridgemeister ID:84
Structurae ID:0006126
References:AAJ, BOP, BPL, HBE, IEA, ONF, PBR, PTS2, SA19000106
Principals:Edward Hemberle
Use:Vehicular and Rail (streetcar)
Status:Demolished, 1927
Main cables:Eyebar
Suspended spans:1
Main span:800f
Deck width:34f
Notes
  • Partial floor collapse requiring extensive repairs, December 24, 1903. Repaired, 1904. Demolished 1927.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1877 Minneapolis
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA (Mississippi River - Nicollet Island)
Bridgemeister ID:86
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Thomas M. Griffith
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1890
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:675.1f
Deck width:32f

Notes
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1879 Saint-Ilpize
Saint-Ilpize, France (Allier River)
Bridgemeister ID:1097
Structurae ID:0003008
References:AAJ, BPF, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Ferdinand Arnodin
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Closed, July 15, 2004
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:3
Main span:70.35m
Side spans:2
Deck width:18f
Notes
  • The side spans are supported solely by inclined stays, not suspenders from the main cables.
  • Structurae reports the bridge was closed to all traffic on July 15, 2004 due to damage to the deck, possibly caused by an overloaded truck. Structurae has photos of the damage.
1883 Brooklyn (Great East River)
New York and Brooklyn, New York, USA (East River)
Bridgemeister ID:89
Structurae ID:0000011
O'Donnell ID:834
Coordinates:N 40.706 W 73.99667
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BAAW, BBR, BBTS, BC3, BFL, BLD, BMA, BOB, BOU, BPL, COB, CTW, GB, GBD, HBE, LAB, LACE, NG198305, ONF, PTS2, SJR
Principals:John A. Roebling, Washington A. Roebling
Use:Rail and Vehicular (major highway, light rail, with walkway)
Status:In use (last checked, 2005)
Main cables:Wire (steel)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:1,595.5f
Side spans:2 x 930f
Deck width:85f

Notes
Photo by David Denenberg Photo by Josh Denenberg Photo by Bill Campbell
1884 (suspension bridge)
Charleston, West Virginia, USA (Elk River)
Bridgemeister ID:1427
References:AAJ, HBE, PTS2
Use:Vehicular and Rail (streetcar)
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire
Main span:273f
Notes
1884 Lamothe
Lamothe and Brioude, France (Allier River)
Bridgemeister ID:1764
Structurae ID:0022428
References:PTS2
Use:Vehicular
Status:Only towers remain (last checked, 2006)
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:1

Notes
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1884 North Side (Seventh Street)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (Allegheny River)
Bridgemeister ID:91
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PBR, PTS2
Principals:Gustav Lindenthal
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed, 1924
Main cables:Eyebar
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:2 x 320f
Side spans:2 x 165f
Deck width:42f

Notes
1886 (suspension bridge)
Windsor Locks and Warehouse Point, Connecticut, USA (Connecticut River)
Bridgemeister ID:306
References:AAJ, PTS2
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:3
Main span:550f
Side spans:2 x 300f
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Image courtesy Larry Peterson
1887 Hammersmith
London, England, United Kingdom (River Thames)
Bridgemeister ID:419
Structurae ID:0008013
Coordinates:N 51.48845 W 0.23019
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:BEM, BPL, HBE, NTB, PTS2
Principals:Sir Joseph Bazalgette
Use:Vehicular (two-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, 2006)
Main cables:Eyebar
Suspended spans:3
Main span:1
Side spans:2

Notes
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1889 (suspension bridge)
Rome, Italy (Tiber River)
Bridgemeister ID:828
References:AAJ, ONF, PTS2
Principals:Köpcke
Suspended spans:1
Notes
  • Braced chain.
Photo, collection of David Denenberg
1889 Rivière de l'Est (River of the East)
Sainte Rose, Réunion (Rivière de l'Est)
Bridgemeister ID:992
Structurae ID:0007025
References:PTS2
Principals:Ferdinand Arnodin
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, 2008)
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:1
1890 Grand Avenue (Jefferson Avenue)
St. Louis, Missouri, USA (Mill Creek Valley)
Bridgemeister ID:96
References:AAJ, HBE, IEA, ONF, PTS2, SSB
Principals:Carl Gayler
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Demolished, 1960
Main cables:Eyebar
Suspended spans:3
Main span:400f
Side spans:2 x 150f
Deck width:60f
Notes
  • Braced chain (stiffened-eyebar) design often espoused by Gustav Lindenthal. ONF (an article by Lindenthal) refers to this as the Jefferson Ave. bridge while Fowler's book (IEA) calls it "Grand Avenue". AAJ describes it as "a three-hinged inverted arch with two stiffened chains, one on each side."
1890 Kellams (Little Equinunk)
Kellams, New York and Stalker, Pennsylvania, USA (Delaware River)
Bridgemeister ID:97
Structurae ID:0008257
O'Donnell ID:20
Coordinates:N 41.82333 W 75.11333
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:BDR, HHP, PTS2
Principals:David Kellam
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, October, 2006)
Main cables:Wire (steel)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:384f
Notes
  • BDR: Completed 1889. BDR also states the bridge underwent "major repairs" in 1936 including replacement of the wooden deck with a steel deck. I suspect the entire bridge was replaced at this time. Older photos of the bridge show wooden towers, a wooden deck, and a completely different cable arrangement.
  • Damaged by floodwaters June, 2006. Repaired October, 2006.
Photo by David Denenberg Photo by Patrick S. O'Donnell
1892 Cammeray (North Sydney, Northbridge)
Willoughby, Australia (Long Bay Gully)
Bridgemeister ID:421
Structurae ID:0006323
References:PTS2, STC
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1939
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:3
Main span:152.4m
Side spans:2 x 38.1m
Notes
  • Replaced with arch in 1939, but original towers retained. STC says replaced 1937. Vicinity of Northbridge, Cammeray, and Sydney.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1894 Occidente (Western)
Santa Fé de Antioquia, Colombia (Cauca River)
Bridgemeister ID:934
Structurae ID:0008135
References:AAJ, HBE, PTS2
Principals:José María Villa
Use:Vehicular (one-lane, with walkway)
Status:In use (last checked, 2008)
Main cables:Wire
Main span:940f
1895 Mill Creek Park (White, Silver, Old Steel, Cinderella, Fairy Tale)
Youngstown vicinity, Ohio, USA (Mill Creek Park)
Bridgemeister ID:343
Structurae ID:0011103
Coordinates:N 41.07325 W 80.68886
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, HBE, IEA, PTS2
Principals:Charles Evan Fowler
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, 2011)
Main cables:Eyebar
Suspended spans:1
Main span:90f
Notes
  • Short stiffened eyebar ("braced chain") of the style that Lindenthal often proposed. A mid-span support was added many years ago.
  • Major rehabilitation started, June 2007. Reopened November, 2007.
Photo courtesy of Anne Morrison Photo by Wayne Grodkiewicz
1897 Lincoln Highway (Chester)
East Liverpool, Ohio and Chester, West Virginia, USA (Ohio River)
Bridgemeister ID:105
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Hermann Laub, E.S. Fickes
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Removed, 1970
Main cables:Wire (steel)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:705f
Side spans:360f, 420f
Deck width:27f
Notes
  • Rebuilt 1939 by David Steinman. Closed and demolished, 1970.
1897 Rochester
Rochester and Monaca, Pennsylvania, USA (Ohio River)
Bridgemeister ID:104
Structurae ID:0009575
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:E.K. Morse
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (steel)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:800f
Side spans:400f, 416f
Deck width:28f
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1898 Langenargen
Langenargen and Gohren, Germany (Argen River)
Bridgemeister ID:929
Structurae ID:0001542
Coordinates:N 47.59622 E 9.56208
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Kubler, Leibbrand
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:In use, but restricted to foot traffic (last checked, 2013)
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:1
Main span:236f
Notes
Photo by David Denenberg
1899 Lewiston-Queenston
Lewiston, New York, USA and Queenston, Ontario, Canada (Niagara River)
Bridgemeister ID:108
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:L.L. Buck, R.S. Buck
Use:Vehicular and Rail (streetcar)
Status:Replaced, 1962
Main cables:Wire (steel)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:1,040f
Deck width:17f
Notes
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1900 Ojuela (Mapimi, Mampimi, Miampimi)
Mapimí, Torreon vicinity, Durango, Mexico
Bridgemeister ID:1043
Structurae ID:0008133
References:AAJ, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Santiago Minguín, William Hildenbrand?, Henry G. Tyrell
Use:Vehicular
Status:In use, but restricted to foot traffic (last checked, 2005)
Main cables:Wire (steel)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:~300m
Notes
  • Misspelled on every long span bridge list I've ever seen, this 300-meter narrow footbridge is located at Mapimí, Mexico.
  • AAJ notes this bridge as having a 10-foot wide roadway and having been built by William Hildenbrand. The present-day bridge's deck measures only 1.8 meters and is restricted to foot traffic. In HBE, Tyrell takes credit for the design of the bridge and also notes the 10-foot roadway (though, HBE was probably a source for AAJ).
Photo by Fernando Gomez
1900 Upper
Easton, Pennsylvania, USA (Lehigh River)
Bridgemeister ID:366
References:AAJ, DSL20030414, EN19001122, HBE, PTS2, WGE20030513
Principals:Henry G. Tyrell, John McNeal
Use:Footbridge
Status:Demolished, 1955
Main cables:Wire (steel)
Suspended spans:3
Main spans:2 x 279f
Side span:110f
Notes
  • According to Tyrell, "[It] joins Dock Street on the lower side of the river with Glendon Avenue on the upper side, 90 feet above it. To overcome this difference in elevation of the two ends without incurring excessive expense for approach, the bridge floor was made to descend on a grade of 7.2 per cent from the upper bank to meet stairs rising from Dock Street..."
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1903 Caperton
Caperton vicinity, West Virginia, USA (New River)
Bridgemeister ID:1422
References:AAJ, HBE, PTS2
Use:Footbridge
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:1
Main span:510f
1903 Elizabeth (Elisabeth, Erzsébet)
Budapest, Hungary (Danube River)
Bridgemeister ID:426
Structurae ID:0004946
References:AAJ, BMA, HBE, PTS2, SA19050909
Principals:Aurel Czekelius, M. Nagy
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Destroyed, 1945
Main cables:Eyebar
Suspended spans:3
Main span:951f
Side spans:2 x 145f

Notes
1903 Ticonic (Tupenny, Two Cent)
Waterville, Maine, USA (Kennebec River)
Bridgemeister ID:110
Structurae ID:0004782
O'Donnell ID:79
Coordinates:N 44.55073 W 69.62728
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Edwin D. Graves
Use:Footbridge
Status:In use (last checked, 2009)
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:1
Main span:400f
Deck width:6f
Photo by David Denenberg



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