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300 suspension bridges were found for search criteria: AAJ . Bridges 1 through 100 (of 300 total) appear below. Wherever you see a "Bridgemeister ID" number you can click it to isolate the bridge on its own page. If you don't see what you were looking for, try an image search with the same criteria: AAJ. This will find the bridge if it is pictured on the site, but is not a catenary suspension bridge.
1734 (chain bridge)
Glorywitz, Prussia (Oder River)
Bridgemeister ID:371
References:AAJ, BPL
Principals:Army of the Palatinate of Saxony
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Notes
  • BPL says first Western use of metal in suspension structure.
1741 Winch (Wynch)
Middleton-in-Teesdale, England, United Kingdom (River Tees - Low Force)
Bridgemeister ID:372
Structurae ID:0008266
References:AAJ, BEM, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Use:Footbridge
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:70f
Notes
  • Varying histories of this catwalk-style bridge exist. One I read recently says it was built 1704, a cable snapped in 1802 killing three people, and it was then rebuilt in 1830 (the present bridge). Others attribute the bridge to 1741 and have the 1802 incident killing "one or two people".
  • Replaced by 1830 Wynch - Middleton-in-Teesdale, England, United Kingdom.
1801 (chain bridge)
Iron Bridge, Pennsylvania, USA (Jacob's Creek)
Bridgemeister ID:3
Structurae ID:0000873
O'Donnell ID:0
References:AAJ, ASB, BBR, BOB, BPL, CAB, DSE20000116, HBE, LAB, PTS2
Principals:Judge James Finley
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:70f
Deck width:12.5f
Notes
  • In an email dated January 16, 2000, Don Sayenga provided information about the location of this bridge. Generally attributed to Uniontown (the seat of Fayette County, PA), Mr. Sayenga offers some clues about the bridge's true location. "[James Finley] stated that he built it near the home of his friend Meason which implies a connection for the iron as Meason was making iron. Meason's home has survived by the way, a beautiful place. Finley stated it was a combination contract with the cost split between two counties, and he stated it was built over Jacob's Creek which is the county boundary. He also makes it clear it was on the road to Greensburg. The only place the old road crossed Jacob's Creek is just south of Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania. On the geodetic survey maps this spot is marked "Iron Bridge" but there is no town there. The last time I was there I saw a sign that said "Iron Bridge" on an automobile scrap yard. I found absolutely no trace of the bridge, but it was not very big, so there was no need for a huge abutment."
  • First suspension bridge with a rigid level deck.
1807 Chain
Georgetown, District of Columbia and Virginia, USA (Potomac River)
Bridgemeister ID:4
Structurae ID:0008052
Coordinates:N 38.92959 W 77.11627
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BCW, CAB, DSE20000118, HBE, PTS2
Principals:John Templeman
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, 1812
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:128.5f
Notes
  • BCW gives completion date of 1810 and says bridge was destroyed by flood two years later.
  • Coordinates given are for the current crossing (VA SR123, still known locally as "Chain Bridge Road") which is on (or very close) to the alignment of Chain Bridge. Chain Bridge was the third bridge at this site. The current structure is the eighth and was completed in 1940.
1807 Wills Creek
Cumberland, Maryland, USA (Wills Creek)
Bridgemeister ID:5
References:AAJ, BCW, CAB, DSE20000203, HBE
Principals:John Templeman
Status:Destroyed, 1810
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main span:139f
Notes
1809 (chain bridge)
Brownsville vicinity, Pennsylvania, USA
Bridgemeister ID:8
References:AAJ, CAB, DSE20000203, HBE
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
1809 (chain bridge)
Brownsville, Pennsylvania, USA (Dunlap's Creek)
Bridgemeister ID:7
Structurae ID:0008055
References:AAJ, BCW, CAB, DSE20000118, DSE20000203, HBE
Principals:John Templeman
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Notes
  • From Dunlap's Creek Bridge: "The first recorded bridge across Dunlap's Creek was a wooden structure constructed prior to 1774. It was repaired in 1801, but was destroyed during a spring storm in 1808. A chain-link suspension bridge was built on the site in 1809; it collapsed under the weight of snow and a heavily laden wagon in 1820. A third bridge, another wooden structure, built in 1821 also failed. The present bridge is thus the fourth bridge at the site."
1809 (chain bridge)
Wilmington, Delaware, USA (Brandywine Creek)
Bridgemeister ID:6
References:AAJ, BCW, CAB, DSE20000203, HBE
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:145f
Deck width:30f
1809 Schuylkill Falls
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (Schuylkill River)
Bridgemeister ID:9
Structurae ID:0008053
References:AAJ, BBR, BPL, CAB, DSE20000118, HBE, PTS2
Principals:John Templeman
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 153f
Deck width:18f
Notes
  • Failed 1811, 1816. HBE notes the 1811 was due to weight of cattle. The 1816 failure was due to weight of ice and snow.
1810 (chain bridge)
Frankfort, Kentucky, USA (Kentucky River)
Bridgemeister ID:10
Structurae ID:0008057
References:AAJ, CAB
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 167f
1810 (chain bridge)
Wrightstown, Pennsylvania, USA (Neshaminy River)
Bridgemeister ID:13
Structurae ID:0008058
References:AAJ, CAB, DSE20000403
Principals:John Parker
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main spans:2 x 100f
1810 Chain (Essex-Merrimack)
Newburyport, Massachusetts, USA (Merrimack River - Deer Island)
Bridgemeister ID:14
Structurae ID:0001418
Coordinates:N 42.833167 W 70.90645
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, CAB, GBD, HBE, POPE, PTS2, RDH
Principals:John Templeman
Use:Vehicular (two-lane light)
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:243f
Deck width:30f (2 roadways of 15f)
Notes
  • John Templeman built several bridges (like this one) using James Finley's design.
  • Repaired in 1827 after 5 of 10 chains snapped under weight of a team of oxen.
  • The complete description from Thomas Pope's 1811 Treatise (POPE):
    "The chain Bridge lately thrown over the Merrimack, three miles above Newburyport, in the state of Massachusetts, is now in constant use. This Bridge consists of a single arc, two hundred and forty-four feet span. The abutments are of stone, forty-seven feet long, and thirty-seven high; the uprights, or framed work, which stand on the abutments, are thirty-five feet high, over which are suspended ten distinct chains, the ends of which on both sides of the river are buried deep in pits and secured by large stones: each chain is five hundred and sixteen feet long; and, where they pass over the uprights, they are treble, and made in short links, which is said to be more secure than saddles made of plates of iron. The four middle joists rest on the chains; all the rest are suspended to the main chains to equalize the floor. This Bridge has two passage-ways of fifteen feet in width each, and the floor is so solid as to admit of horses, carriages, etc. to travel at any speed, with very little perceptible motion of the floors. The railing is stout and strong, which adds much firmness to the floor. There are three chains in each range on each side, and four in the middle range: they are calculated to support nearly five hundred tons. From the surface of the water to the middle of the floor is forty feet; and from the top of the abutments to the top of the uprights is thirty-five feet high, making seventy-two feet. The magnitude and power of the abutments, the width and length of the floors, the elevation of the work, the evident powers of the chains, etc. all conspire to make it a wonderful work. Every expense attending it did not amount to twenty-five thousand dollars. The abutment being of stone, the uprights covered, and the chains painted to prevent rust, leaves nothing but the flooring to decay. This Bridge was constructed by John Templeman, Esq. of the district of Columbia, whose talents for the productions of such work, and the various improvements suggested and used by him, have been highly beneficial, and do him great credit."
  • Gregory W. Buff sent a transcription of an article describing the 1827 failure. The article was in the Saturday, February 24, 1827 issue (Volume IV, Number 31) of the Canadian Spectator (Montreal, Quebec) newspaper:
    "Newburyport, Feb 9. Disastrious [sic] Accident. - On Tuesday morning last, the Essex Merrimack Bridge gave way in the centre, from the parting of the chains that support it. On the Bridge, at the moment, was a loaded team, drawn by six oxen and two horses, driven by two men, Messrs. Garlton [sic] and Jackman, all of whom were precipitated, forty feet, into the river beneath. The teamsters preserved themselves by means of swimming, and the support of fragments of the bridge; the team were all of them except one of the horses, swept beneath the ice a few rods below, and drowned. Five of the ten chains which supported the Bridge, were snapped in different places, and now remain upholding the broken and shattered timber altogether as sad a wreck as we ever witnessed. At the moment of the crash, the light evolved from the friction of the chains resembled the the vivid streaming of a meteor. Various excuses are assigned for the accident, and none, with more probability, than the united effect of the incumbent pressure of the immense body of snow lying upon the bridge, and the frost which had contracted the particles of iron. These produced a tenseness in the chains, which was incapable of resisting the additional pressure of the loaded team, and the whole gave way. The estimated expense of repairing the breach is about 4000 dollars; and the Directors, as we understand, plan to set about it immediately. It will be built up as before. To those who have been losers by this accident the corporation intend to make generous inumeration. The traveling will be uninterrupted, as the solidity of the ice above the bridge forms a safe passage way - and for the conveyance of carriages and heavy baggage the proprietors have promptly provided suitable boats. If any aversion to chain bridges has been produced by this accident, we should be sorry, for ourselves we feel yet unshaken faith in their superior security. The misfortune in this case was no doubt owing to the causes above stated, and not to any defect in the construction of the bridge. Probably hundreds of individuals, including each sex and all ages, have visited the ruins of the bridge. They present a sad and melancholy appearance - crushed and broken timbers suspended by the massy chains, which hang lazily from the pyramidical abutments, while the beholder instinctly shrinks back in terror at the reflection of the situation of the two human beings who were precipitated into the abyss beneath. The preservation of these two men is almost miraculous. Although hurled down 40 feet amid crashing and falling timber, entangled with their cattle, they fell without receiving the least injury, and attained the shore, after being for nearly half an hour, immerse in water chilled to the freezing point. Mr. Jackman is far advanced in years - and suffered somewhat from the exposure to the cold. Mr. Carlton [sic], escaped unhurt. The Chain Bridge has been built for about fifteen years, the span is 220 feet. We believe this was the second or third Chain Bridge built in the United States; and this is probably the first that has met with a similar accident. We understand the proprieters of the Rooks Bridge intend to rebuild theirs as a Chain Bridge."
  • Replaced by 1909 Chain - Newburyport, Massachusetts, USA. The 1909 structure was almost entirely new (except for portions of the piers and abutments).
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg Glass slide, collection of David Denenberg
1814 Hamilton Street
Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA (Lehigh River)
Bridgemeister ID:19
References:AAJ, CAB, DSE20000203, PTS2
Principals:Jacob Blumer
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:2
Side spans:2
1816 Galashiels
Galashiels, Scotland, United Kingdom (Gala Water)
Bridgemeister ID:584
References:AAJ, BSI, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Richard Lees
Use:Footbridge
Status:Destroyed, 1839
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:111f
Deck width:3f
Notes
  • BSI: Originally erected in the form of a traditional suspension bridge, but soon reinforced with wire stays from much larger towers to reduce unwanted motion. Destroyed by flood, 1839.
1816 Spider
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (Schuylkill River)
Bridgemeister ID:20
References:AAJ, BOB, BPL, GHD, HBE, LAB, PTS2
Principals:Josiah White, Erskine Hazard
Use:Footbridge
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Main span:393.75f
Notes
  • Narrow footbridge. First wire bridge in North America. HBE notes "first wire suspension bridge in any country."
  • Often described as having collapsed under the weight of ice and snow, Don Sayenga notes that no contemporary sources confirm this demise. Since the nearby chain bridge did fail under weight of ice and snow, he believes this fate has been misattributed to the White and Hazard footbridge. Don believes the bridge was just dismantled at some point after June, 1816.
  • Al Zagofsky also wrote to explain there was no evidence of this bridge collapsing under weight of ice and snow. Al writes: "According to an original source Captain Joshua Rowley Watson, who inspected the bridge on June 15, 1816: '...There was a bridge, but which by the weight of ice and snow, has been carried away.' This refers to the previous bridge that the cable bridge was temporarily replacing. I did not see any cause for failure of the wire rope bridge. My guess is that it was removed when the regular bridge was repaired. The same article shows a sketch that he made, showing the main span to be 407 feet. I am looking at the Canal History and Technology Proceedings Vol 5, March 22, 1986."
1818 Dryburgh Abbey
Dryburgh and St. Boswells, Scotland, United Kingdom (River Tweed)
Bridgemeister ID:1440
Structurae ID:0008269
References:AAJ, BEM, MOS
Use:Footbridge
Status:Collapsed, 1838
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:260f
Deck width:4.5f
Notes
  • This 1818 bridge was a replacement for the 1817 Dryburgh Abbey suspension bridge which appears to have been primarily a cable-stayed structure and is not included in the inventory. The 1817 bridge failed due to wind in early 1818.
  • Later at same location 1872 Dryburgh Abbey - Dryburgh and St. Boswells, Scotland, United Kingdom. Structurae shows both the 1818 and 1872 bridges.
Print, collection of David Denenberg Newspaper article, collection of David Denenberg
1820 Union
Horncliffe, Berwick-upon-Tweed vicinity, England and Fishwick, Scotland, United Kingdom (River Tweed)
Bridgemeister ID:373
Structurae ID:0000162
Coordinates:N 55.75256 W 2.10677
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BC3, BEM, BOB, HBE, MOS, NTB, PTS2, SBR
Principals:Sir Samuel Brown
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, 2009)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:449f
Deck width:18f
Notes
Newspaper article, collection of David Denenberg Photo by Dave Cooper
1821 Trinity Pier (Newhaven Pier)
Trinity, Edinburgh vicinity, Scotland, United Kingdom (River Forth)
Bridgemeister ID:374
Structurae ID:0008327
References:AAJ, MOS, SBR
Principals:Sir Samuel Brown
Use:Footbridge
Status:Destroyed, 1898
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main spans:3 x 209f
Deck width:4f
Notes
  • SBR: Chain pier extending into 700 feet into the Forth, with three main spans each of 209 feet. Wrecked by storm, 1898.
1822 (footbridge)
Annonay, France (Cance River)
Bridgemeister ID:375
Structurae ID:0006497
References:AAJ, BBR, GHD, LAB, TTSB
Principals:Marc Seguin, Camille Seguin, Jules Seguin, Paul Seguin, Charles Seguin
Use:Footbridge
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:18m
Notes
  • Test structure, but recognized as first wire bridge in France.
1823 (suspension bridge)
Réunion (Mat River)
Bridgemeister ID:1542
References:AAJ, ASB, CAB, MOS
Principals:Marc Brunel
Use:Vehicular (two-lane)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:131.75f
Notes
  • Réunion was known as "Isle of Bourbon" at this time.
  • MOS: "These bridges were designed by Mr. Brunel, and executed in England, near Sheffield, where they were put together in January, 1823, before being sent out to the Isle de Bourbon."
  • Built as part of same project as 1823 (suspension bridge) - Réunion.
1823 (suspension bridge)
Réunion (Sainte-Suzanne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1541
References:AAJ, ASB, CAB
Principals:Marc Brunel
Use:Vehicular (two-lane)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 131.75f
Notes
Print, collection of David Denenberg
1823 Brighton Pier
Brighton, East Sussex, England, United Kingdom
Bridgemeister ID:376
Structurae ID:0008326
References:AAJ, BEM, BOB, HBE, MOS, SBR
Principals:Sir Samuel Brown
Use:Footbridge
Status:Destroyed, 1896
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:4 x 255f
Notes
  • SBR: Severely damaged 1833, 1836. Destroyed by storm 1896.
Print, collection of David Denenberg Print, collection of David Denenberg
1823 Saint Antoine
Geneva, Switzerland
Bridgemeister ID:377
Structurae ID:0000895
References:AAJ, GHD, HBE, LAB, MOS, PTS2
Principals:Guillame Henri Dufour, Marc Seguin, Marc-Auguste Pictet
Status:Removed, c.1864
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 40m
Deck width:7.5f
1824 Lehigh Gap (Palmerton)
Lehigh Gap, Pennsylvania, USA (Lehigh River)
Bridgemeister ID:22
Structurae ID:0008066
References:AAJ, CAB, DSE20000203, WHSB
Principals:Jacob Blumer
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1933
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Notes
  • Finley patent bridge.
1825 Pâquis
Geneva, Switzerland
Bridgemeister ID:1825
References:AAJ, GHD
Principals:Guillame Henri Dufour
Status:Demolished, early 1850's
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 41m
1825 Tain-Tournon
Tournon-sur-Rhône and Tain, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:378
Structurae ID:0000156
References:AAJ, ASB, BBR, BPF, GHD, LAB, MOS, PTS2, TTSB
Principals:Marc Seguin
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed, 1965
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 278.88f
Deck width:13.75f
Notes
1826 Broughton (Gerald Road)
Lancashire, England, United Kingdom (River Irwell)
Bridgemeister ID:379
References:AAJ, BOB, HBE, MOS, SBR
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1914
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main span:145.5f
Deck width:18.25f
Notes
  • Famously collapsed under weight of marching troops April 12, 1831. Was rebuilt and strengthened and eventually replaced in 1914.
1826 Conwy (Conway)
Conwy, Wales, United Kingdom (River Conwy)
Bridgemeister ID:380
Structurae ID:0000447
Coordinates:N 53.280476 W 3.823742
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BC3, BCO, BEM, HBE, MOS, NTB, PTS2
Principals:Thomas Telford
Use:Vehicular
Status:In use, but restricted to foot traffic (last checked, 2013)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:327f
Notes
Photograph, collection of David Denenberg Photo by Dave Cooper
1826 Invalides
Paris, France (Seine River)
Bridgemeister ID:623
Structurae ID:0000226
References:AAJ, MOS, PTS2
Principals:Claude Navier
Use:Vehicular
Status:Demolished, 1826
Main span:557.5f
Notes
  • Failed when almost complete in 1826. MOS: "On the 6th of September, a water-pipe, which was laid in the ground on the side of the Champs Elysées, and came near the abutments on that side of the river, burst, and, softening the ground about the abutment, it gave way under the strain produced by the weight of the bridge."
  • Replaced by 1829 Invalides (l'Allee-d'Antin) - Paris, France.
1826 Menai Strait
Menai Bridge and Bangor vicinity, Wales, United Kingdom (Menai Strait)
Bridgemeister ID:382
Structurae ID:0000091
Coordinates:N 53.221367 W 4.1646
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BBR, BC3, BCO, BDU, BEM, BOU, HBE, MOS, NTB, PTS2
Principals:Thomas Telford
Use:Vehicular (two-lane, with walkway)
Status:In use (last checked, 2013)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:579f
Notes
Photo by David Denenberg Photo by Irene Crest Photo by Michael Levy Photo by Dave Cooper
1827 (chain bridge)
Newburyport, Massachusetts, USA (Merrimack River)
Bridgemeister ID:23
Structurae ID:0008067
References:AAJ, BPL, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Thomas Haven
Status:Replaced, 1840
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:5
Main spans:3
Side spans:2
Notes
  • Multi-span structure distinct from Templeman's 1810 Chain Bridge. Sometimes misidentified as an 1827 replacement to the 1810 Templeman Chain Bridge because of the significant damage to the Templeman bridge in 1827.
Print, collection of David Denenberg
1827 Hammersmith
London, England, United Kingdom (River Thames)
Bridgemeister ID:386
Structurae ID:0008011
References:AAJ, BEM, BTH, HBE, MOS, NTB, ONF, PTS2
Principals:William Tierney Clark
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Chain
Suspended spans:3
Main span:400f
Side spans:2 x 147f

Notes
Print, collection of David Denenberg.
1827 L'île Barbe
Lyon vicinity, France (Saône River)
Bridgemeister ID:1535
Structurae ID:0008335
Coordinates:N 45.796883 E 4.83055
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, PQL, PTS2
Principals:Favier
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, 2005)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 334.66f
Notes
Photo by David Denenberg
1827 Malapane (Malapana)
Ozimek, Lower Silesia, Poland (Mala Panew "Malapane" River)
Bridgemeister ID:385
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:In use (last checked, 2002)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Notes
  • The country containing this bridge has changed several times. It is currently located in Poland where the river is known as "Mala Panew". AAJ records this bridge as serving the "Malapana mill" across the "Malapane River". "Malapane" is the German name for the Mala Panew River.
Photo by Prof. Andreas Kahlow
1828 Arcole (de la Grève)
Paris, France (Seine River)
Bridgemeister ID:625
Structurae ID:0000214
References:AAJ, MOS, PTS2
Principals:Seguin Brothers
Status:Replaced, 1854
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 133.86f
Deck width:11.48f
1828 Sablons
Sablons and Serrières, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:890
Structurae ID:0001506
References:AAJ, ASB
Principals:Marc Seguin
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1933
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Main spans:2 x 331.38f
Deck width:13.12f

Notes
1829 Argentat
Argentat, France (Dordogne River)
Bridgemeister ID:627
References:AAJ, MOS, PTS2
Principals:L. T. Vicat
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1903
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:328f
1829 Bamberg
Bamberg, Germany (Regnitz River)
Bridgemeister ID:632
References:AAJ, PTS2
Status:Replaced, c. 1880-1890's
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main span:64.26m
1829 Beaucaire
Beaucaire and Tarascon, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:626
Structurae ID:0012664
References:AAJ, ASB, GHD, PTS2
Principals:Jules Seguin, Joseph Chaley
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:2 x 393.72f
Side spans:2 x 307.1f
Notes
  • Flooring failed, 1887.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1829 Invalides (l'Allee-d'Antin)
Paris, France (Seine River)
Bridgemeister ID:633
Structurae ID:0000897
References:AAJ, MOS, PTS2
Principals:Marie Fortuné de Vergès, Ferdinand Bayard de la Vingtrie
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1855
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main span:236.5f
Deck width:25.6f

Notes
1829 Montrose
Montrose, Scotland, United Kingdom (South Esk River)
Bridgemeister ID:388
References:AAJ, BEM, BOB, HBE, PTS2, SBR
Principals:Sir Samuel Brown
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1931
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Notes
  • SBR: March 19, 1830, with a "crowd of people, estimated at 700, ... watching a boat race," a chain broke "plunging most of the people into the river." Repaired. Wrecked by storm 1838. Repaired.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Print, collection of David Denenberg
1830 (suspension bridge)
Nassau, Germany (Lahn River)
Bridgemeister ID:1667
Structurae ID:0025228
References:AAJ
Principals:Lossen and Wolf
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1926
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:245.56f
Side spans:2 x 38.88f

Notes
1830 Bath
Bath, England, United Kingdom (River Avon)
Bridgemeister ID:389
References:AAJ, MOS, SBR
Principals:T. Shaw
Use:Footbridge
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main span:118f
1830 Parentignat (Orbeil)
Parentignat and Issoire, France (Allier River)
Bridgemeister ID:1568
Structurae ID:0002115
References:AAJ, BPF
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Closed (last checked, 2006)
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:98.4m
Notes
  • Bypassed, 1973.
1830 Stockton Railway
Stockton on Tees, England, United Kingdom (River Tees)
Bridgemeister ID:390
References:AAJ, BEM, HBE, SBR
Principals:Sir Samuel Brown
Use:Rail
Status:Replaced, 1842
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:281f
Notes
  • First railway suspension bridge.
1831 Bry-sur-Marne
Bry-sur-Marne, France (Marne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1668
References:AAJ, PTS2
Principals:Jules Seguin
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, c.1870
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:249.43f
1831 Findhorn
Forres, Scotland, United Kingdom (River Findhorn)
Bridgemeister ID:391
References:AAJ, MOS, SBR
Principals:Sir Samuel Brown
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed, 1938
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Notes
  • Was still standing in 1938 when it was bypassed, but was likely demolished some time in 1938.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Print, collection of David Denenberg Photo by Dave Cooper
1831 Mirabeau
Mirabeau, France (Durance River)
Bridgemeister ID:982
Structurae ID:0012661
Coordinates:N 43.68945 E 5.668267
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BPF
Principals:Jean-François-Theophilus Sauzet
Use:Vehicular
Status:Only towers remain (last checked, 2005)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:150m
Deck width:5.5m
Notes
  • The towers from the older of the two Mirabeau suspension bridges are visible alongside the current crossing.
  • Damaged by flood, 1843. Rebuilt.
  • Replaced by 1935 Mirabeau - Mirabeau, France. Unsure if this was an immediate replacement.
Photo by David Denenberg
1831 Scotswood (Chine)
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, United Kingdom (River Tyne)
Bridgemeister ID:392
Structurae ID:0013208
References:AAJ, BRB, NTB
Principals:John Green
Use:Vehicular (two-lane, with walkway)
Status:Demolished, 1967
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:368f
Side spans:2 x 131f
Deck width:16f 10in roadway, 3ft 3in footway
Notes
  • "Chine" is the Geordie spelling/pronounciation of "Chain", according to The New Geordie Dictionary detailing "the dialect spoken on Tyneside".
  • Widened (19ft 6in roadway, two 6ft walkways), iron chains replaced with steel cables 1931. Bypassed, 1967. Since demolished.
1832 Bercy
Paris, France (Seine River)
Bridgemeister ID:1738
Structurae ID:0017607
References:AAJ
Principals:Marie Fortuné de Vergès
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Replaced, 1860's
Main cables:Eyebar (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:144.36f
Side spans:2 x 147.64f
Deck width:26.25f
1832 L'Ile-Bouchard
L'Ile-Bouchard and Saint-Gilles, France (Vienne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1605
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular (one-lane, with walkway)
Status:Destroyed, 1944
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:262.48f, 278.89f
Deck width:13.12f
Notes
  • AAJ describes this as two bridges separated by the island: one between Saint-Gilles and the island and one between the island and Saint-Maurice.
1832 Marlow
Marlow, England, United Kingdom (River Thames)
Bridgemeister ID:394
Structurae ID:0008004
Coordinates:N 51.56735 W 0.773567
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BEM, BRB, BTH, MOS, NTB
Principals:William Tierney Clark
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:In use (last checked, 2011)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:1
Side spans:2
Deck width:30f
Photo by Dave Cooper
1832 Vals-les-bains
Vals-les-bains and Labégude, France (Ardèche River)
Bridgemeister ID:1761
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Notes
  • AAJ notes the contract was let in late 1831 and guesses at 1833 as the year of completion. 1832 is more likely given the rate at which these early iron wire French bridges were constructed.
1832 Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth, England, United Kingdom (River Bure)
Bridgemeister ID:2381
References:AAJ
Status:Collapsed, 1845
Notes
  • Collapsed under weight of large crowd that had gathered to watch a famous clown sail down the River Bure in a washtub pulled by swans.
1833 Chauvigny
Chauvigny, France (Vienne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1544
References:AAJ, GHD
Principals:Jules Seguin
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Main span:246.08f
Deck width:14.44f
1833 Cosne-sur-Loire
Cosne-sur-Loire, France (Loire River)
Bridgemeister ID:1595
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1928
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Notes
1833 La Sône
La Sône, France (Isère River)
Bridgemeister ID:1730
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Main span:301.85f
Deck width:14.76f
1833 Longues
Longues, France (Allier River)
Bridgemeister ID:1759
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:328.1f
Deck width:14.11
Notes
  • AAJ notes that this bridge collapsed during load testing, 1832. Another accident occurred when a hanger failed, December 6, 1832. The bridge opened February 1, 1833.
  • This is likely the same bridge sometimes attributed to nearby Vic-le-Comte.
1833 Norfolk
Shoreham, England, United Kingdom (River Adur)
Bridgemeister ID:604
Structurae ID:0008012
References:AAJ, MOS
Principals:William Tierney Clark
Use:Vehicular (with walkway)
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:284f
Side spans:2
Notes
  • According to MOS, the 284 foot measurement given for this bridge is for the "chord line" of the chains, not the pier-to-pier deck length.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1833 Tonneins
Tonneins, France (Garonne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1760
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Main cables:Wire (iron)
1833 Vichy
Vichy and Bellerive-sur-Allier, France (Allier River)
Bridgemeister ID:1762
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1870
1834 Digoin
Digoin, France (Loire River)
Bridgemeister ID:1156
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1907
Main cables:Wire (iron)
1834 Ile aux Barques (Bergues)
Ile aux Barques, Geneva, Switzerland
Bridgemeister ID:1826
Structurae ID:0017858
References:AAJ, GHD
Principals:Guillame Henri Dufour
Use:Footbridge
Status:Removed, 1881
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:33.5m
Notes
  • GHD: "...asymmetrical bridge supported by a single pier."
  • Ile aux Barques is now known as Ile Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
  • This location is better known for the large underspanned suspension bridge completed in 1834 by Dufour (documented in great detail in reference GHD). I have, thus far, omitted the underspanned bridge from the inventory. This entry is for the small footbridge that connected to the larger underspanned bridge. Follow the image link for more information.
Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1834 Lamothe
Lamothe and Brioude, France (Allier River)
Bridgemeister ID:1763
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Notes
1834 Loubéjac
Loubéjac and Lamothe-Capdeville, France (Aveyron River)
Bridgemeister ID:2189
References:AAJ
1834 Louis-Philippe (de la Reforme)
Paris, France (Seine River - St. Louis Island)
Bridgemeister ID:983
Structurae ID:0000203
References:AAJ, PTS2
Principals:Marc Seguin
Use:Vehicular (one-lane, with walkway)
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2
Deck width:14.44f
Notes
  • Badly damaged by fire 1848. Replaced 1860 (or soon after).
1834 Pontoise
Pontoise, France (Oise River)
Bridgemeister ID:1770
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular (one-lane, with walkway)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:164.05f
Deck width:14.44f
1834 Port-Sainte-Marie
Port-Sainte-Marie and Saint-Laurent, France (Garonne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1765
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1899
Suspended spans:1
Main span:656.2f
Deck width:14.44f
Notes
1834 Saint-Thibault
Saint-Thibault and Saint-Satur, Sancerre vicinity, France (Loire River)
Bridgemeister ID:1650
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Replaced, 1934
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:5
Deck width:14.44f
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1834 Zaehringen
Fribourg, Switzerland (Sarine River)
Bridgemeister ID:395
Structurae ID:0000475
References:AAJ, BBR, BFL, HBE, LAB
Principals:Joseph Chaley
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed, 1920's
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:896f

Notes
Print, collection of David Denenberg Stereoview, collection of David Denenberg
1835 Chasse (Givors)
Chasse-sur-Rhône and Givors, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:980
Structurae ID:0013232
Coordinates:N 45.581666 E 4.780083
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:In use (last checked, 2005)
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:1
Side spans:2
Notes
  • Cables and deck appear to have been replaced (at least once).
  • AAJ describes an accident in 1836: "...some of the iron-work, which was faulty, gave way and the platform fell into the river. Six persons were drowned."
Photo by David Denenberg
1835 La Réole
La Réole, France (Garonne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1768
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Suspended spans:1
Notes
  • AAJ guesses this bridge was completed in 1835 due to contract let in 1833 specifying two-year construction period.
  • See La Réole - La Réole, France. Unsure if the newer bridge is at the same location.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1835 Lagnieu
Lagnieu, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:1731
References:AAJ
Principals:Seguin Brothers
Main cables:Wire (iron)
1835 Langeac
Langeac, France (Allier River)
Bridgemeister ID:1701
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2
Notes
  • AAJ guesses this bridge was completed in 1835 based on contract let in 1833 specifying a two-year construction period.
  • Likely removed.
1835 Pertuis
Pertuis, France (Durance River)
Bridgemeister ID:984
Structurae ID:0012663
References:AAJ
Principals:Seguin Brothers
Use:Vehicular
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 104m
Notes
  • Repairs needed soon after opening. Damaged by flood 1843, reopened 1844.
1835 Rognonas
Rognonas, France (Durance River)
Bridgemeister ID:2190
References:AAJ
Status:Removed
1835 Roquemaure
Roquemaure, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:1735
Structurae ID:0010789
Coordinates:N 44.069467 E 4.7689
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:4
Main spans:4
Notes
Photo by David Denenberg
1836 Agde
Agde, France (Hérault River)
Bridgemeister ID:1129
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:1
1836 Choisy-au-bac
Choisy-au-bac, France (Aisne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1767
Structurae ID:0016372
References:AAJ
Principals:Seguin Brothers
Main cables:Wire (iron)
1836 Conflans
Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, France (Seine River)
Bridgemeister ID:1774
Structurae ID:0016371
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Removed
1836 Fourchambault
Fourchambault, France (Loire River)
Bridgemeister ID:1598
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, c. 1940's
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:6
Main spans:6
Notes
  • Dynamited in 1940 or 1941. Eventually replaced by a long low-lying truss bridge.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1836 Fourneau
Le Fourneau and Bourbon-Lancy vicinity, France (Loire River)
Bridgemeister ID:1771
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, October 1846, by flood.
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:2 x 278.88f
Deck width:19.73f

Notes
1836 Horkstow
Horkstow, England, United Kingdom (River Ancholme)
Bridgemeister ID:1649
Coordinates:N 53.65842 W 0.52837
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ
Principals:Sir John Rennie
Use:Vehicular
Status:In use (last checked, 2013)
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:133.75f
Notes
  • I have seen 1835, 1836, and 1844 as the year of completion.
Photo by Robert M. Vogel Photo by Dave Cooper
1836 Le Guétin
Le Guétin, Cuffy vicinity and Gimouille, France (Allier River)
Bridgemeister ID:1652
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Replaced, 1930
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:5
Main spans:5 x 203.42f
Notes
  • Replaced 1930, possibly by another suspension bridge.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1836 Victoria
Bath, England, United Kingdom (River Avon)
Bridgemeister ID:397
Coordinates:N 51.38350 W 2.37327
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ
Principals:James Dredge
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Closed (last checked, 2010)
Main cables:Eyebar (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:150f
Deck width:18f
Notes
  • Dredge patent bridge.
  • Closed in 2010 due to safety concerns. Scheduled to be largely rebuilt as a replica, starting April 2013 to be completed April 2014. Temporary truss installed through the bridge to permit traffic during the refurbishment.
Photo by John Branston Photo by Dave Cooper
1837 Balbigny
Balbigny, France (Loire River)
Bridgemeister ID:1777
References:AAJ
Suspended spans:2
1837 Cavaillon
Cavaillon, France (Durance River)
Bridgemeister ID:1012
Structurae ID:0016374
References:AAJ
Principals:Jules Seguin
Status:Replaced
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Notes
  • Destroyed by flood 1838, rebuilt 1840, wrecked by wind 1850, rebuilt 1851, damaged by floods 1886, rebuilt 1887, rebuilt 1914.
  • Replaced by 1931 Cavaillon - Cavaillon, France.
1837 Constantine
Paris, France (Seine River - left bank)
Bridgemeister ID:1775
References:AAJ
Use:Footbridge
Status:Replaced, c. 1860's
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:3
Main span:332.69f
Side spans:2 x 84.75f
Notes
  • Connected l'Ile Saint-Louis and Quai St. Bernard.
  • AAJ says replaced in 1863, but the current bridge at this location (Pont Sully) was not completed until 1876.
  • Companion to 1837 Damiette - Paris, France.
1837 Damiette
Paris, France (Seine River - right bank)
Bridgemeister ID:1776
References:AAJ
Use:Footbridge
Status:Destroyed, 1848
Suspended spans:2
Main spans:190.3f, 251.85f
Notes
  • AAJ: It connected "the Quai of Célestins with the l'Ile Saint-Louis on one side, and with the I'lle of Louviers on the other."
  • Companion to 1837 Constantine - Paris, France.
1837 Port-Boulet
Port-Boulet, Bourgueil vicinity, France (Loire River)
Bridgemeister ID:1773
Structurae ID:0013745
References:AAJ
Principals:Seguin Brothers
Status:Destroyed, 1871
Main cables:Wire (iron)
1837 Vallon
Vallon-Pont-D'arc, France and Salavas (Ardèche River)
Bridgemeister ID:1766
References:AAJ
1838 Ancenis
Ancenis, France (Loire River)
Bridgemeister ID:1036
Structurae ID:0008476
References:AAJ
Principals:Marc Seguin
Use:Vehicular
Status:Destroyed, 1944
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Notes
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1838 Corbières
Corbières, Switzerland (Sarine River)
Bridgemeister ID:1778
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular (one-lane)
Status:Replaced, 1931
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
1838 Marmande
Marmande, France (Garonne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1603
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Failed, 1930
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:2
Side spans:2
Notes
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1838 Mas-d'Agenais
Le Mas-d'Agenais, France (Garonne River)
Bridgemeister ID:1033
Structurae ID:0006535
References:AAJ
Use:Vehicular
Status:Extant
Main cables:Wire
Suspended spans:3
Main spans:3
Notes
  • The two end towers have been replaced. Older photos show stone pylons. Recent photos show concrete end towers with gothic arches.
1839 Basse-Chaîne (Angers)
Angers, France (Maine River)
Bridgemeister ID:993
Structurae ID:0004743
References:AAJ, GHD, HBE, PTS2
Principals:Joseph Chaley
Status:Collapsed, 1850
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:334.66f
Deck width:23.62f
Notes
  • Collapsed under weight of maching troops, April 16, 1850, killing more than 200 soldiers. Collapse precipitated French virtual moratorium on suspension bridge building bringing to a close the prolific era of French wire cable suspension bridges.
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg
1839 Cadenet
Cadenet, France (Durance River)
Bridgemeister ID:1008
Structurae ID:0010536
Coordinates:N 43.712117 E 5.365317
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ
Principals:Adolphe Boulland
Use:Vehicular
Status:Only towers remain (last checked, 2005)
Notes
  • Damaged by flood 1843, closed until 1844, destroyed 1944. Towers still standing, 2005.
Photo by David Denenberg
1839 Caille (Charles-Albert)
Allonzier-La-Caille vicinity, France (Usses Torrent)
Bridgemeister ID:859
Structurae ID:0002116
Coordinates:N 46.0126 E 6.111633
Maps:Acme, Google, MapQuest
References:AAJ, BPF, PTS2
Principals:E. Belin
Use:Vehicular
Status:In use, but restricted to foot traffic (last checked, 2005)
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Suspended spans:1
Main span:192m
Postcard, collection of David Denenberg Photo by David Denenberg
1839 Hameln
Hameln, Niedersachsen, Germany (Weser River)
Bridgemeister ID:2298
References:AAJ, PTS2
Principals:Georg Theodor Wendelstadt
Status:Removed
Main cables:Chain (iron)
Main spans:2
Notes
  • AAJ writes: "the first use of triangular bracing between double chain cables" and mentions that it was dismantled and moved to Hessisch Oldendorf 1880-1890 or 1899.
1839 L'Hôtel Dieu
Lyon, France (Rhône River)
Bridgemeister ID:966
Structurae ID:0003382
References:AAJ, PQL
Principals:Clauzel
Use:Vehicular
Status:Demolished, 1912
Main cables:Wire (iron)
Notes



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